The Cherokee Nation inhabited what is called; the Coastal plains, The Appalachian Region, and the Interior plains. This location varied in it's topography because of its different distances inland.
Because the Cherokee Nation covered over three different regions and had a variety of elevation differences. In the 'Coastal Plains' region had an average elevation of under 200 meters above sea level and had a mostly flat surface (or gently rolling.) This area had contained many swamps, and marshes, which had allowed the land to gradually sink. With the land sinking the water from the Ocean, swamps and, marshes had crept inland in the lower reaches. This had created many streams and rivers today leading up to the Mississippi River.
The part of the nation that had inhabited the 'Appalachian Region' was in a very mountainous region that had eroded quite a bit. Therefor it was hard to decipher an average elevation for that time. Although the region was made of many mountains it also contained some fertile plateaus, and river valleys. These rivers had provided transportation for the nations and tribes of the area.
The last Area that the Cherokee Nation had inhabited was 'The Interior Plains.' The plains were what we would call the flat lands that had and average elevation of 600 to 1500 meters above sea level. This area was generally gently rolling and slightly sloping from West to East. Ending our topic of topography.